Explore some of the most common terminology associated with trading forex/CFDs available from AgeFX.

Account Balance
Your account balance is the total value of all trading capital net of realized gains and losses.

Account Equity
Your account equity is the total value of your account net of unrealized gains and losses.

Currencies, stocks, bonds, commodities, or any other kind of underlying asset available for CFD trading.

Base Currency
In forex currency pairs like EURUSD, the base currency is the one listed first. In this case, it’s EUR, or euros. The value of the base currency is equal to the value of the pair, which reflects the base currency’s value in relation to the counter currency — in this case USD or US dollars.

The difference between the price of an asset and the price of its futures contract.

Sentiment that the market or asset will decrease in price.

Bid/Ask Spread
The difference between the price of the Bid, or sell price of an asset, and that of its Ask or buying price.

Sentiment expecting the market or asset to increase in price.

The trader who takes a long position in a financial instrument.

CFDs are the abbreviation of Contracts for Difference, which are financial instruments that allow traders to speculate on the value of any kind of asset — commodities, stocks, bonds and more — without owning the underlying asset itself.

A visual representation of numerical data over time. In finance, charts can illustrate how the price of an asset moves up and down over time.

The fee that traders pay their broker for executing an order.

Any resource taken from the earth or grown naturally upon it and then commoditized — or standardized into divisible, tradeable units. These have intrinsic value for manufacturing and other uses. Popular commodities are oil, livestock, wheat, and gold.

Currency Pair
In forex, a pair of currencies that are being traded for one another. The currency pair is defined by the value of its base currency in relation to its counter, or quote currency.

Digital tokens created with blockchain technology that store value and can be used to transact with online.

Economic Indicator
A report or announcement from a government or polling entity that indicates something about an economy and financial health. Common economic indicators are reports about unemployment, interest rates, GDP, and other metrics of economic performance.

Expiration is when a contract ceases to offer the buyer his or her right to purchase the underlying asset.

A contract to exchange cash for assets at a specific time in the future, and at a specific price.

Greenwich Mean Time – a time zone located in outer London that isn’t subject to daylight savings clock changes that is commonly associated with available trading hours

A position opened to reduce the risk of another open position, usually in the opposite direction.

Intrinsic Value
The real, underlying value of an asset, and not necessarily its current price.

The event that a trader’s position is closed out, either by themselves or forcibly, by margin call.

When a trader is long, it means that they’re anticipating the price of an asset to rise, and have opened a position accordingly.

When a broker loans money to a trader so that they can use leverage, allowing them to control a larger amount of trading capital than what’s currently in their account. Traders typically use it to open positions that are many times larger than what would otherwise be possible, exposing themselves to greater potential for returns but also for losses.

Opening an equivalent position on the other side of another open trade, so that the asset moving in any direction produces neither a gain nor a loss.

Pending Order
A pending order is a position that has not yet been filled. Whether a limit order or a stop order, the position will only be filled when the financial instrument reaches a certain price and has found a buyer, or buyers.

Quote Currency
In forex currency pairs like USDCNY, the quote currency is the one listed second. In this case, it’s CNY, or Chinese yuan.

Process of switching the duration of an open position in a contract that is set to expire by rolling the position over into the next contract period. The rollover may be accompanied by a charge when one of the contracts is closed and losses/gains are realized before the new position is opened.

The trader who takes a short position in a financial instrument.

Traders who believe that the price of an asset will fall and have opened positions accordingly.

A swap fee is charged when you keep a position open overnight.

A trend is a prolonged market state that indicates something about the market itself. Price trends, for example, tells traders how the asset’s price is behaving over a specific period.

Turnover is another way of saying trading volume. It is the trading volume for an asset, an individual trader, or an entire market.

The state of having an open position that has negative intrinsic value, and once closed, will realize losses for the trader.

Volume can refer to an individual trader’s account, or the entire market for an asset. It is the total dollar amount of investments into that asset made in the time specified.

Company Information: This website ( is operated by FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd, a Cyprus Investment Firm, authorized and regulated by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission with CIF license number 317/17. FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd is registered at Limassol, Cyprus.


FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd owns and operates the “AgeFX” brand.


Risk Warning: CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 80.58% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Past performance does not constitute a reliable indicator of future results. Future forecasts do not constitute a reliable indicator of future performance. Before deciding to trade, you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience and risk tolerance. You should not deposit more than you are prepared to lose. Please ensure you fully understand the risk associated with the product envisaged and seek independent advice, if necessary. AgeFX does not issue advice, recommendations or opinions in relation to acquiring, holding or disposing of any financial product. FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd is not a financial adviser and all services are provided on an execution only basis. Please read our Risk Disclosure document.


FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd does not issue advice, recommendations or opinions in relation to acquiring, holding or disposing of any financial product. FP Asset Management Cyprus Ltd is not a financial adviser and all services are provided on an execution only basis.

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